Brain Drain di Malaysia

Malaysia punya masalah dengan brain drain ? Berikut adalah intisari liputan Star newspaper Senin 9 Juli 2007 untuk National Human Resources Summit 2007 : "Enhancing Organisational Effectiveness Through Superior Human Capital Management".

Negara tujuan brain drain Malaysia :
– United Kingdom
– USA
– Singapore
– Australia
– New Zealand
– Dubai

Sektor yang kekurangan tenaga skilled workers di Malaysia :
– IT professionals (khususnya di Cyberjaya)
– Clinical researchers
– R&D Engineers
– Bio-technologist
– Oil and gas
– Construction
  Banyak perusahaan Malaysia yang memperoleh pekerjaan di luar Malaysia, sehingga butuh lebih banyak insinyur sipil/arsitek.
– Financial services
  Banyak perusahaan finansial Malaysia yang berekspansi ke LN. Suplai tenaga keuangan selalu dibutuhkan (akuntan/auditor).

Alasan pindah (menurut Manton Townend, managing director Manpower Inc) :
– Salary
– Lack of appreciation
– Lack of communication with employers
– Lack of career direction

Tantangan bagi industri high tech Malaysia :
– Posisi skilled workforce di Malaysia kebanyakan diisi asing, karena lebih murah mengimport skilled worker asing
– Mencari skilled workforce yang mampu mentutor tenaga lokal Malaysia
– Memulangkan para brain drain Malaysia

Saran-saran untuk kebijakan pemerintah Malaysia (hasil summit) :
– Fokus ke imigrasi dan skilled labour policy (contoh : Malaysia My 2nd Home Program, tax breaks) untuk menarik lebih banyak skilled workers ke malaysia (short-term)
– More funds for education, training, and R&D in targetted fields that’s commercially viable (long-term)
– Government should penalise companies that don’t have funds for upgrade employees’ skills or investments in human capital
– Government and companies should ensure staff’s satisfaction (eg. provide balance between work and social life)
– Increase opportunities for women to stay longer in the workforce

Case Study : Tapping world-class talent
– Studi kasus dari Advance Tech Communications Sdn Bhd (ATC)
– ATC menghire Dr Shiv Verma, Electronics Phd dari USA untuk mentor team yang terdiri dari young Malaysian IT graduates.
– Dr Shiv Verma punya 7 worldwide paten di bidang wireless technology (hardware/software)
– Hasilnya : ATC mendapat kontrak RM 1.6bil

Quote of the day :
"Nationality should not be an issue as long as we have the right expertise and talent which can contribute to upgrade Malaysia into research and knowledge-based economy" -Dr Yeah Kim Leng, Chief Economist Rating Agency Malaysia group




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